Roads and streets exert an immense influence upon Auckland’s lifestyle and travel behaviour. Research has shown that how we use and design our roads and streets directly influences place identity, accessibility, public health, social equity, inclusivity and local and regional economies, amongst other factors.
The Auckland region is comprised of 70% rural area and 30% urban area, with the majority of people living and working in the urban area. The scale and pace of growth in Auckland combined with increasing intensification and the development of Auckland’s urban areas and Greenfields is placing increased pressure on an already constrained road and street network and limited road space to deliver quality place and multi-modal transport objectives.
There is the growing expectation that Auckland’s roads and streets need to deliver a wider range of benefits across the four well-beings (social, cultural, economic and environment) if the Mayor’s vision for Auckland is to be achieved. The four well-beings form the foundation of AT’s Sustainability Framework.
The Roads and Street Framework provides the high-level strategic frames of reference for all existing and future roads and streets planning in Auckland. It seeks to balance the unique needs of place and movement functions at both the strategic and local level contexts and provide the guidance for subsequent design work incorporating Transport Design Manual applications. It is a holistic framework based on the four well-beings.
The Transport Design Manual provides the design and technical specifications for the development and delivery of well-designed transport projects and their operation. The Manual draws upon design approaches and practices, which have been successful in many cities and rural areas worldwide.
The Roads and Street Framework and Transport Design Manual are complementary documents. Both documents when applied together will provide guidance to internal staff (e.g. Council family project teams), external parties (e.g. Government agencies, consultants and developers) about AT’s requirements for the planning, design, construction and management of the road and street network, and the vesting of assets that will be managed by AT.
The Framework and Manual are living documents and will be continually updated to ensure they are fit for purpose and reflect best practice.
Working together in an Integrated Approach
The Roads and Streets Framework and Transport Design Manual brings together the key players in the design, development and improvement of Auckland road and street network so that the strategic and local place and movement functions are balanced and integrated to meet the multiple outcomes sought from them. The early involvement of the Council family of organisations, key partners such as Mana Whenua, NZTA and other stakeholders such as developers and utility companies is critical. The process is deliberately holistic and multi-disciplinary, recognising that no one profession or organisation has all the answers in how to achieve integrated and place-sensitive solutions for roads and streets.
The Framework and the Manual are for everyone who plays a part in managing, designing, improving or determining the quality of roads and streets in Auckland, including engineers, planners, urban designers, project managers, developers, politicians and users.
The Roads and Streets framework integrates the Council’s family of related strategies to provide the strategic direction for designing and delivering improvement projects early in the project management process. This provides the mandate to ensure an integrated and holistic approach is followed in the development of projects.
The Transport Design Manual provides the design and technical specification to deliver projects and other improvements that ensure projects aligned to strategic direction.
The strategic context is illustrated in the diagram below:
The Roads and Streets Framework – Key Elements
The Roads and Streets Framework sets out:
- The strategic approach and vision.
- The seven-step process to determine the typology and integrate modal priorities for different roads and streets (covering rural and urban areas), and how to apply the tools to support strategic direction and mitigate impacts.
- The detailed description of the nine urban and three rural road and street typologies and expected levels of services.
- Design guidance and key transport catchment metrics for planning liveable, connected neighbourhoods and town centres, particularly in Greenfields.
- The Annex, describing the six key functions of roads and street, performance indicators, types of tools, alignment with other strategic documents, such as ATAP and modal priority design features.
The Transport Design Manual – Key Sections
The Transport Design Manual contains three sections:Section 1: Design guidance
Which includes the design guides, such as the Urban Street and Road Design Guide, Waitakere Ranges Design Guide, and Local Paths Design Guide. Coming soon.Section 2: Detailed technical requirements
Includes minimum standards, considerations and drawings required to undertake accurate and detailed designs based on a component approach for facilities. Coming soon.Section 3: Detailed specifications
For the supply and construction of materials and products. Coming soon.
The Practitioners Guide provides an overview of how to apply the Roads and Streets Framework and the Transport Design Manual to networks, projects and developments. This guide will be available soon. A Community of Practitioners is being established to provide ongoing feedback and build industry experience in the application of the Framework and Manual.
Existing AT Code of Practice
The existing AT Code of Practice has been updated to provide a transitional guiding role until the Transport Design Manual is operational.