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Auckland Transport

Roads and Streets Framework and the Transport Design Manual Roads and Streets Framework and the Transport Design Manual


Roads and streets exert an immense influence upon Auckland's lifestyle and travel behaviour. Research has shown that how we use and design our roads and streets directly influences place identity, accessibility, public health, social equity, inclusivity and local and regional economies, amongst other factors.

The Auckland region is comprised of 70% rural area and 30% urban area, with the majority of people living and working in the urban area. The scale and pace of growth in Auckland combined with increasing intensification and the development of Auckland's urban areas and Greenfields is placing increased pressure on an already constrained road and street network and limited road space to deliver quality place and multi-modal transport objectives.

There is the growing expectation that Auckland's roads and streets need to deliver a wider range of benefits across the four well-beings (social, cultural, economic and environment) if the Mayor's vision for Auckland is to be achieved. The four well-beings form the foundation of AT's Sustainability Framework.


The Roads and Street Framework provides the high-level strategic frames of reference for all existing and future roads and streets planning in Auckland. It seeks to balance the unique needs of place and movement functions at both the strategic and local level contexts and provide the guidance for subsequent design work incorporating Transport Design Manual applications. It is a holistic framework based on the four well-beings.

The Transport Design Manual provides the design guidance and engineering requirements for the development and delivery of well-designed transport projects and their operation. The Manual draws upon design approaches and practices, which have been successful in many cities and rural areas worldwide.

The Roads and Street Framework and Transport Design Manual are complementary documents. Both documents when applied together will provide guidance to internal staff (e.g. Council family project teams), external parties (e.g. Government agencies, consultants and developers) about AT's requirements for the planning, design, construction and management of the road and street network, and the vesting of assets that will be managed by AT.

The Framework and Manual are living documents and will be continually updated to ensure they are fit for purpose and reflect best practice.

Working together in an Integrated Approach

The Roads and Streets Framework and Transport Design Manual brings together the key players in the design, development and improvement of Auckland road and street network so that the strategic and local place and movement functions are balanced and integrated to meet the multiple outcomes sought from them. The early involvement of the Council family of organisations, key partners such as Mana Whenua, NZTA and other stakeholders such as developers and utility companies is critical. The process is deliberately holistic and multi-disciplinary, recognising that no one profession or organisation has all the answers in how to achieve integrated and place-sensitive solutions for roads and streets.

The Framework and the Manual are for everyone who plays a part in managing, designing, improving or determining the quality of roads and streets in Auckland, including engineers, planners, urban designers, project managers, developers, politicians and users.

Strategic Context

The Roads and Streets framework integrates the Council's family of related strategies to provide the strategic direction for designing and delivering improvement projects early in the project management process. This provides the mandate to ensure an integrated and holistic approach is followed in the development of projects.

The Transport Design Manual provides the design and technical specification to deliver projects and other improvements that ensure projects aligned to strategic direction.

The strategic context is illustrated in the diagram below:

Roads and Streets Framework - Strategic Context diagram

The Roads and Streets Framework – Key Elements

The Roads and Streets Framework sets out:

  1. The strategic approach and vision.
  2. The seven-step process to determine the typology and integrate modal priorities for different roads and streets (covering rural and urban areas), and how to apply the tools to support strategic direction and mitigate impacts.
  3. The detailed description of the nine urban and three rural road and street typologies and expected levels of services.
  4. Design guidance and key transport catchment metrics for planning liveable, connected neighbourhoods and town centres, particularly in Greenfields.
  5. The Annex, describing the six key functions of roads and street, performance indicators, types of tools, alignment with other strategic documents, such as ATAP and modal priority design features.

Download the Roads and Streets Framework manual (PDF 20MB, pages 136)

The Transport Design Manual (TDM)

The Transport Design Manual (TDM) has three sections that allow end user outcomes, engineering design and construction requirements to be clearly identified and designed. The manual has been created to be a cascaded principle based approach that ensures consistency from strategic planning through to detailed design and construction of the outcomes.

The entire manual sets out:

  1. The design principles and approaches to designing user outcomes.
  2. How to apply safe design and safe speed requirements to achieve Vision Zero outcomes.
  3. Design guidance and key transport catchment for designing liveable, connected neighbourhoods and town centres, particularly in Greenfields.
  4. How to build a street from basic elements and how intersections should be designed to support this.
  5. The detailed engineering requirements to design and construct the facilities necessary for the users identified by the Design Guides.
  6. The construction specifications required to achieve consistent construction outcomes, including the opportunities to utilise recycled, synthetic and manmade products. Coming Soon.

The TDM will be soft launched over a period of 6 months. This will allow the design, engineering and construction industries to understand, evaluate and provide feedback on the Manual as well as utilise it in their work.

As a result, the following will apply:

  • The current Auckland Transport Code of Practice (ATCoP) can be utilised for new projects until the end of the soft launch period, however the use of the TDM is preferred.
  • Any subdivisions or private developments will not utilise the TDM initially until notified by Auckland Council.
  • Feedback can be sent at any time using the current feedback address.
  • Once the soft launch period has expired, all feedback will be evaluated, responded too and if deemed appropriate, incorporated in to the relevant part of the TDM document suite.
  • This feedback / improvement process will likely take around 2 months, after which ATCoP will be moved to legacy status and the TDM will become the primary design and engineering documentation for AT managed assets or those to be managed by AT.
  • Any existing design that was approved or consented using ATCoP will continue to use ATCoP until vested or completed.
  • Any Designs that are commenced using ATCoP after the full live date of the TDM will not be accepted by AT.

Release schedule for version 1 of the TDM

August 2019

Design guides only:

  • Urban Street and Road Design Guide.
  • Wayfinding and Signs Design Guide.
  • Waitakere Ranges Design Guide.
  • Local Paths Design Guide.

September 2019

Engineering Design Code:

  • Urban and Rural Roadway Design.
  • Footpaths and the Public Realm.
  • Cycling Infrastructure.
  • Traffic Calming.
  • Road Drainage and Surface Water Control.
  • Street Lighting.
  • Parking.
  • Public Transport – Rail Infrastructure.
  • Public Transport – Ferry Infrastructure.

Specifications for Transport Infrastructure:

  • Temporary activities.
  • Aggregates for Road Construction.

October 2019

Engineering Design Code:

  • Road Pavements & Surfaces.
  • Public Transport – Bus Infrastructure.

March 2020

Update TDM document suite after feedback evaluation. Full launch and ATCoP moved to legacy status.

Section 1: Design guidance

Section 2: Detailed technical requirements

Engineering Design Code

Includes minimum standards, considerations and drawings required to undertake accurate and detailed designs based on a component approach for facilities. Coming soon.

Design toolbox

Design Tools to support the various Engineering Design Codes. Coming soon.

Standard Engineering Details

Standard details for common elements such as kerbs, footpaths and drainage devices. Coming soon.

Section 3: Specifications for Transport Infrastructure

For the supply and construction of materials and products. Coming soon.

Existing AT Code of Practice

The existing AT Code of Practice has been updated to provide a transitional guiding role until the Transport Design Manual is operational.