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Auckland Transport

Roads and Streets Framework and the Transport Design Manual Roads and Streets Framework and the Transport Design Manual


Background

Roads and streets represent a large portion of public space in Auckland and cater for a wide variety of users undertaking many different activities.

The Auckland region is comprised of 70% rural area and 30% urban area, with the majority of people living and working in the urban area. The scale and pace of growth in Auckland combined with increasing intensification and the development of Auckland's urban areas and Greenfields is placing increased pressure on an already constrained road and street network and limited road space to deliver quality place and multi-modal transport objectives.

Auckland Transport, along with Auckland Council, has been looking at better ways to plan and manage our roads and streets to better reflect the full range of modes, activities and functions that occur on them.


Purpose

The Roads and Streets Framework (the Framework) has been developed as a first step strategic planning tool to guide the future planning and development of Auckland’s roads, streets and places. It is an application of strategy and takes a holistic and contextual view of roads and streets and the role they play alongside land use by considering their relative ‘Place’ and ‘Movement’ functions and significance.

Through the Framework, Auckland Transport will be able to classify all roads and streets (and sections of roads and streets) in the region against one of nine typologies based on the relative significance of Place (P) and Movement (M) (Street typology matrix shown below). The modal priorities for each road or street are identified through the Framework and provide guidance for project teams on the relative importance and priority for each mode along a road or street.

The Transport Design Manual provides the design guidance and engineering requirements for the development and delivery of well-designed transport projects and their operation. The Manual draws upon design approaches and practices, which have been successful in many cities and rural areas worldwide.

The Roads and Street Framework and Transport Design Manual are complementary documents. Both documents when applied together will provide guidance to internal staff (e.g. Council family project teams), external parties (e.g. Government agencies, consultants and developers) about AT's requirements for the planning, design, construction and management of the road and street network, and the vesting of assets that will be managed by AT.

The Framework and Manual are living documents and will be continually updated to ensure they are fit for purpose and reflect best practice.

Typology matrix


Working together in an Integrated Approach

The Roads and Streets Framework and Transport Design Manual brings together the key players in the design, development and improvement of Auckland road and street network so that the strategic and local place and movement functions are balanced and integrated to meet the multiple outcomes sought from them. The early involvement of the Council family of organisations, key partners such as Mana Whenua, NZTA and other stakeholders such as developers and utility companies is critical. The process is deliberately holistic and multi-disciplinary, recognising that no one profession or organisation has all the answers in how to achieve integrated and place-sensitive solutions for roads and streets.

The Framework and the Manual are for everyone who plays a part in managing, designing, improving or determining the quality of roads and streets in Auckland, including engineers, planners, urban designers, project managers, developers, politicians and users.


Strategic fit

Strategic documents such as the Government Policy Statement on Land Transport, the Auckland Transport Alignment Project and the Auckland Plan feed into the Framework providing strategic direction. In turn, the Framework provides the vision for streets, identifying their guiding principles and modal priorities. It forms a core part of the project delivery lifecycle, guiding business case development, Auckland’s Network Operating Plan and the Transport Design Manual (TDM) as shown in the figure below.

The RASF within the broader planning framework

The Transport Design Manual provides the design and technical specification to deliver projects and other improvements that ensure projects are aligned to strategic direction.


Key Elements

The Roads and Streets Framework sets out:

  1. The detailed description of the nine street typologies.
  2. The process to determine the existing and future typologies by assessing a road or streets significance in terms of ‘Place’ and ‘Movement’.
  3. The process to determine the existing and future modal priorities for each road and street in Auckland.

Download the Roads and Streets Framework manual (PDF 20MB, pages 136).

The Transport Design Manual (TDM)

The Transport Design Manual (TDM) has three sections that allow end user outcomes, engineering design and construction requirements to be clearly identified and designed. The manual has been created to be a cascaded principle based approach that ensures consistency from strategic planning through to detailed design and construction of the outcomes.

The entire manual sets out:

  1. The design principles and approaches to designing user outcomes.
  2. How to apply safe design and safe speed requirements to achieve Vision Zero outcomes.
  3. Design guidance and key transport catchment for designing liveable, connected neighbourhoods and town centres, particularly in Greenfields.
  4. How to build a street from basic elements and how intersections should be designed to support this.
  5. The detailed engineering requirements to design and construct the facilities necessary for the users identified by the Design Guides.
  6. The construction specifications required to achieve consistent construction outcomes, including the opportunities to utilise recycled, synthetic and manmade products.

The TDM will be soft launched over a period of 4 months. This will allow the design, engineering and construction industries to understand, evaluate and provide feedback on the Manual as well as utilise it in their work.

As a result, the following will apply:

  • The current Auckland Transport Code of Practice (ATCoP) can be utilised for new projects until the end of the soft launch period, however the use of the TDM is preferred and encouraged.
  • Any subdivisions or private developments will not utilise the TDM initially until notified by Auckland Council.
  • Feedback can be sent at any time using the current atcop@at.govt.nz feedback address.
  • Once the soft launch period has expired, all feedback will be evaluated, responded too and if deemed appropriate, incorporated in to the relevant part of the TDM document suite.
  • This feedback/improvement process will likely take around 2 months, after which ATCoP will be moved to legacy status and the TDM will become the primary design and engineering documentation for AT managed assets or those to be managed by AT.
  • Any existing design that was approved or consented using ATCoP will continue to use ATCoP until vested or completed.
  • Any Designs that are commenced using ATCoP after the full live date of the TDM will not be accepted by AT.

Release schedule for version 1 of the TDM

February 2020

Engineering Design Code:

  • Urban and rural roadway design.
  • Footpaths and the public realm.
  • Cycling infrastructure.
  • Traffic calming.
  • Road drainage and surface water control.
  • Street lighting.
  • Parking.
  • Public transport – rail infrastructure.
  • Public transport – ferry infrastructure.
  • Public transport – bus infrastructure.

Specifications for transport infrastructure:

  • Aggregates for road construction.

March 2020

Engineering Design Code:

  • Road pavements and surfaces.
  • Public Transport – Bus Infrastructure.

July 2020

Update TDM document suite after feedback evaluation. Full launch and ATCoP moved to legacy status.

Section 1: Design guidance

Section 2: Detailed technical requirements

Engineering Design Code

Includes minimum standards, considerations and drawings required to undertake accurate and detailed designs based on a component approach for facilities. 

Design toolbox

Design Tools to support the various Engineering Design Codes. Coming soon.

Standard Engineering Details

Standard details for common elements such as kerbs, footpaths and drainage devices. 

Section 3: Specifications for Transport Infrastructure

Legacy AT Code of Practice

The AT Code of Practice has been updated to provide a transitional guiding role until the Transport Design Manual is operational.