Skip to Main Content
Auckland Transport

Kyle Road Kyle Road

Background and outcomes of the study phase into improvements to Kyle Road between Albany and Greenhithe to improve safety, promote cycling and walking and to future proof the route for the provision of public transport.

Project purpose


  • Connectivity: Link Kyle Road East and Kyle Road west to reduce travel time.
  • Safety: Improve the safety of current and future vehicles and people, including pedestrians, travelling along Kyle Road east.
  • Walking and Cycling: Provide facilities that promote cycling and walking along Kyle Road taking into account the future demands in the local area.
  • Constructability: Provide an optimised solution which balances the requirements of road functionality and design standards against constructability of the scheme with consideration of cross-section, horizontal and vertical alignment, land acquisition, property access, geotechnical conditions and topography.
  • Public Transport: Provide a solution that increases potential to accommodate community transport (school buses) and public transport services in the future.
  • Funding: Maximise economic returns of each option for the project to meet thresholds to secure funding from appropriate sources (NZTA or Auckland Council).

Project history

This legacy project was inherited from the previous North Shore City Council (NSCC); Auckland Transport began working on it in mid-2011. In the second half of 2011, the project background information was compiled and a suitable external resource was engaged to undertake the production of a study.

  • On 13 December 2011, a presentation was made to the Upper Harbour Local Board (UHLB) explaining to them the process of this project.
  • On 22 May 2012, the project delivery group (PDG) arranged a public information evening at the Upper Harbour School, and sent invitations to approximately 3,900 households around the Kyle Rd area, and newspaper advertisements in the North Shore Times.
  • Online project site and public display boards were also provided, encouraging residents to provide their feedback on three proposed concepts identified for this project:
  • A stakeholder workshop was conducted on 31 May 2012.
  • By end of July 2012, 188 submissions were received, and comments were collated and categorised.

The general outcome of the public consultation was that about 50% supported the projects and 50% were against any proposal. However, the results of the public engagement didn’t provide a clear indication of what the local residents preferred.

Kyle Road Aerial

Five options were then developed to enable the assessment of the proposed works and find out if any of them was feasible.

  • On 10 July 2012, the project team met with the North Shore Business Association, and provided an update to the UHLB.
  • The Options assessments took almost four months to complete. A report to AT’s Decision value Assurance Committee (dVAC) was presented at their November 2012 meeting, informing them about the results of the feasibility study, and that the project doesn’t fit the prioritisation criteria set by AT.
  • On 4 December, dVAC wanted to get more certainty about the study finding before making their final decision. Therefore, they instructed PDG to double check these results, re-run the traffic modelling for the area, arrange for independent peer review, and confirm back the finding to them.
  • This work was carried out, and presented again to dVAC at their 4 June 2013 meeting, in which a decision was made to proceed with the premature closure of this project for the reasons of not having a good business case to progress it to the next stage.
  • In mid-June 2013, a memo was send to UHLB members informing them of AT's decision.
  • On 6 August, PDG presents their finding to the UHLB, before updating the rest of the community.
  • On 22 August, letters been dropped to update local residents about the final decision on this project.


Considering the public feedback, five options were identified as follows:

Option 1 – Cost-effective solution

This option includes upgrades and improvements to the existing conditions to specifically address the Road Safety Audit concerns raised in the Traffic and Transportation Road Safety Audit Report, prepared in 2009, for the existing Kyle Road east section.

This option retains the existing carriageway cross section, horizontal / vertical geometry and footpath in its current form.

The works proposed in the cost effective solution relate to the Kyle Road east section and not the already upgraded Kyle Road west section.

The aim of this option is to make Kyle Road east a safer road environment with relatively low cost improvements. Central to this philosophy is ensuring that where possible Kyle Road east is perceived by drivers as a low speed environment. The posted speed limit may be 50km/h but advisory speeds would be maintained as low as 25km/h and road marking and delineation would be designed to improve side friction and reduce speed.

As no improvement to the vertical and horizontal geometry is proposed as part of this option, there will be no improved access for school buses or general public transport.

As this option does not provide a connection to Kyle Road west, the potential to offer new bus services is also limited.

The cost effective solution proposes no major changes to the road layout or general nature or aesthetics of the existing corridor.

It is intended that all of the works in this option could be categorised as one of the following activities:

  • Maintenance or preservation of existing infrastructure or amenity within the study corridor as would be expected as part of a normal ongoing maintenance strategy;
  • Enhancement or introduction of a safety measure at comparatively low cost with the potential to reduce risk to vulnerable road users and/or generally improve road safety conditions.

Key physical works for Option 1 cost effective solution would include:

  • Improved delineation & side friction by installing edge marker posts, painted edge lines, continuity lines across intersections, raised reflective pavement markers (RRPM’s) along the existing carriageway edge;
  • Installing raised reflective road pavement markers (RRPM) along the carriageway centreline through horizontal curves adjacent to 102 Kyle Road and Wicklam Lane;
  • Upgrading the existing signage to comply with MOTSAM Part 1 requirements, including chevron boards at curves, gating speed signs and replacing existing incorrect signage as required;
  • Removing three existing power poles currently located within the clear zone adjacent horizontal curves and replacing with new power poles outside of the carriageway clear zone of 4m.
  • Removing or trimming vegetation from the road reserve obscuring signage or sight lines around horizontal curves and at intersections;
  • Installing PW-29 (pedestrian) signage to alert drivers to the possibility of pedestrians on the carriageway where there is no existing footpath;
  • Reducing the risk around existing roadside hazards within the clear zone. This includes re-profiling existing drainage ditches, flattening steep banks, altering stormwater culvert ends to make them traversable and removing large vegetation where it is practical and cost efficient to undertake these works;
  • Providing pavement centreline markings to the southern approach to the Kyle Road / William Gamble Drive roundabout in accordance with MOTSAM Section 2: Pavement Markings;
  • Replacing two existing non compliant bullnose leading end terminals on the W-beam guardrail over the existing Kyle Road bridge structure with Fleat 350 terminals;
  • Undertaking carriageway reseals on all horizontal curves located between Ch.0m and Ch1100m.
  • Banning on-street parking on corners along Kyle Road east section.

Option 1 does not include any physical works relating to the following improvements or upgrade works. However it is acknowledged that a number of the following improvements could be treated as complementary options to further enhance this option.

  • Storm water drainage improvements and treatment works;
  • Street lighting of currently unlit sections of carriageway;
  • Provision of a footpath, cycleway or shared path in locations where there is currently none provided; and upgrade of vertical or horizontal alignment to comply with Austroads standards for a 50km/h posted speed limit.

Option 2 – 50km/h Posted Speed Limit

Option 2 includes reconstruction of Kyle Road east (rural portion) between Schnapper Rock Road and the previously upgraded carriageway at Ch.1120m.

The proposed alignment will have a design speed of 50km/h between Schnapper Rock Road and Ch.300m where the alignment is constrained, increasing to a 60km/h design speed between Ch.300m and Ch.1120m. Off road provision for pedestrians and cyclists has also been provided on the eastern side of the Kyle Road east carriageway as this is where the majority of the existing housing is located.

The improved vertical and horizontal geometry of this option will improve access for school buses and general public transport. However, as this option does not provide a connection to Kyle Road west, the potential to offer bus services is limited.

Key physical works in Option 2 include:

  • Reconstructing Kyle Road east between Schnapper Rock Road and Ch.1120m to provide two 4.0m wide traffic lanes with 2.5m wide off road shared path.
  • Reconstruction of Kyle Road shall be future proofed for a 10.5m carriageway width if the gully connection is added in the future. This future proofing includes undertaking ultimate formation works (cut/fill batters), retaining walls, clear zones and future widening only on one side.
  • Develop a revised horizontal and vertical alignment to achieve a posted speed of 50km/h which includes increasing the crest and sag K values to acceptable levels. This will require localised lowering or raising the existing carriageway and adjusting private property accesses as required.
  • Improving sight lines compared to the current situation in full compliance with AGRD standards.
  • Constructing kerb and channel, along with a piped storm water collection and conveyance system. Storm water will be discharged at suitable locations such as existing cross culvert locations.
  • Installing street lighting along the currently unlit section of carriageway,
  • Providing compliant clear zones or installing roadside barriers where possible by AGRD standards. This will include removing vegetation, relocating power poles, etc. It has been acknowledged by Auckland Transport and T2 that due to constraints, compliant clears zones cannot be achieved along the full route.
  • Providing street signage in accordance with MOTSAM requirements for an urban road,
  • Constructing retaining walls to limit the extent of works to remain within the existing road reserve except adjacent to Watercare property where battering into their property has been permitted.
  • Utility diversions or replacement to accommodate lowering or raising of the existing carriageway. This includes the existing 810mm diameter Concrete Lined Steel (CLS) water main.
  • Banning on street parking on corners along Kyle Road east section.

Option 3 – 50km/h posted speed limit + Paper Road

Option 3 consists of all the upgrades and improvements proposed in Option 2 plus construction of the Paper Road. The Paper Road is new road alignment that passes through an alternative road reserve behind the property at 80 Kyle Road.

Construction of the Paper Road is included in this option because it may provide some traffic safety benefits.

The key benefit of the Paper Road is that it smoothes out the overall vertical geometry of the road in comparison with Option 2. However, construction of the Paper Road also requires that a new intersection is constructed near Wicklam Lane to connect the disconnected Kyle Road (section of Kyle Road adjacent to 80 Kyle Road) with the Paper Road.

The improved vertical and horizontal geometry of this option will improve access for school buses and general public transport. However, as this option does not provide a connection to Kyle Road west, the potential to offer new bus services is limited.

Option 4 – 50km/h posted speed limit + Pitoitoi Gully connection

Option 4 consists of all the upgrades and improvements proposed in Option 2 plus construction of the Pitoitoi Gully connection. In terms of the consistency of the road layout from one end of Kyle Road to the other end, Option 4 is preferable to Option 2 and 3 because it connects the full length of Kyle Road, incorporating a 10.5m carriageway.

In comparison, Options 2 and 3 provide only an 8.0m wide carriageway (refer to typical cross section drawing C-0001 in Appendix A to see this comparison).

The improved vertical and horizontal geometry of this option will improve access for school buses and general public transport. As this option provides a connection to Kyle Road west, it also offers the potential to provide new bus services.

Option 5 – 50km/h posted speed limit + Pitoitoi Gully connection + Paper Road

Option 5 consists of all the upgrades and improvements proposed in Option 3 plus construction of the Pitoitoi Gully connection.

In terms of the consistency of the road layout from one end of Kyle Road to the other, Option 5 is preferable to Options 2, 3 and 4 because it connects the full length of Kyle Road, incorporating a 10.5m carriageway.

In comparison, Options 2 and 3 provide only an 8.0m wide carriageway. Option 5 also provides smoother overall vertical geometry because of the provision of the Paper Road.

The improved vertical and horizontal geometry of this option will improve access for school buses and general public transport. As this option provides a connection to Kyle Road west, it also offers the potential to provide new bus services.

Economic benefits

Transport-related benefits are assessed in line with the NZTA Economic Evaluation Manual (EEM) full procedures. This analysis included the following five benefit streams:

  • Travel time savings
  • Vehicle operating costs (VOC) savings
  • CO2 emissions savings
  • Accident cost savings
  • Cycle and pedestrian benefits

Benefit breakdown

Kyle Road Benefits

Project cost estimate

The capital costs are calculated using the SM014-manual (cost estimation manual) published by NZTA. The capital costs, annual and periodic maintenance costs were estimated, considering the 30 year consideration period

Cost breakdown

Kyle Road Costs


A Multi Criteria Assessment (MCA) tool has been used to assess each project option. The option evaluation framework was developed based on the project objectives. The framework has been developed in parallel to the six key Land Transport Management Act (LTMA) objectives to ensure each of these has been adequately captured in the analysis.

The MCA tool for option evaluation is based on an eleven point scale. The scoring and ranking of options is carried out for LTMA objectives excluding outcomes on integration.

Kyle Road Scoring

Kyle Road Scoring Legend


Rank Option
1 2
2 5
3 4
4 3
5 1



Project profile

NZTA’s revised Investment and Revenue Strategy (IRS) (NZTA, 2012), forms the framework for the assessment and prioritisation of land transport activities that require NZTA investment.

The result of this assessment is:

  • Strategic fit = Low
  • Effectiveness = Low
  • Economic Efficiency = Low

Kyle Road Project Profile

For more information on this project

Contact Auckland Transport

If you are experiencing family violence, don't worry, the information within this pop-up won't appear in your browser's history.

Privacy policy

We’ve made asking for help safer than ever.

Join us in standing up against domestic violence and making more places of refuge across the internet.

If you, your business or your agency want to have The Shielded Site tab on your site we’ve made adding it very easy.

Click here to find out more. (WARNING: this will take you away from our shielded portal.)


If you are living in fear in your relationship or in your family, there are so many ways we can help you right now. You won’t be turned away even if you don’t have children, a NZ visa, or money. If you still have more questions have a read below and contact us when you’re ready.

I’m ready to talk now.

You can call our 24-hour support and crisis line on 0800 REFUGE (733843). Or, if you prefer, you can click here and contact us discretely through our contact form and we will email you back as soon as possible.

What will I do for money?

There are a number of benefits and allowances you may be eligible for if you are a victim of domestic violence in New Zealand. We can help you better understand your options once you make contact.

I haven’t been beaten up, can Women’s Refuge still help me?

We support women who have experienced any form of domestic violence: verbal, psychological/emotional, sexual, and financial as well as physical. In fact, psychological/emotional abuse is the most common form of domestic violence.

How much does it cost to stay?

Women's Refuge support and advocacy services are free. In the safe house, rent is usually charged once your financial situation is sorted out. Safety is our main concern. You won't be turned away if you don't have any money.

How long can I stay in a safe house?

Some women only stay a night or two, while others stay for weeks. You can talk with the advocates at your local refuge about how long you think you need to stay to ensure your safety.

I don’t live with my partner, but he is abusing me. Can you still help me?

Yes, you don’t have to be living with your partner to experience domestic violence and you can still call us.

What happens if I haven't got any clothes or food?

Women's Refuge has clothing that you can have. We’ve also got toys and books, formula and nappies. You are welcome to use our emergency food until you get your financial situation sorted out.

Will other people be there?

Safe houses usually have other women, including women with their children, staying there. Refuge advocates are around during the day.

How will I get my kids to school?

The advocates at your local refuge will help you work out transport for your children, or help with changing schools.

Can Women's Refuge help me if I stay in my own house?

Yes, we can provide all the same support and advocacy for you no matter where you choose to live. You may be eligible to access support through the Whanau Protect service.

I'm living in a rural area. Can you still help me?

Yes. Find your local refuge and they will be able to arrange support, advocacy and transport for you.

Can Women's Refuge help around issues with children?

Yes. We can provide support and advocacy around matters to do with custody, access and care.


The safest way to browse the internet if you suspect your browsing history is being monitored, is to use your browser’s private or incognito mode.

If you suspect your device has been compromised by spyware, then you should use consider using another device as some spyware may still be able to monitor icognito sessions.

To activate a private browsing session, follow the instructions below.


Open Safari > go to the File menu > select New Private Window

When finished, don’t forget to close your browser window to ensure your safety and privacy.


Open Chrome > go to the triple-dot menu (top right of your browser's window) > select New Incognito Window

Internet Explorer

Open IE > click the Tools button > select Safety > and then click InPrivate Browsing

Mozilla Firefox

Open Firefox > click the menu button ☰ > and then click New Private Window

You should see a message in the new window saying that you are now browsing privately.

When finished, don’t forget to close your browser window to ensure your safety and privacy.

Getting out

The most important thing is for you and your children to get out safely. It is important to know that leaving a violent relationship can be one of the most dangerous times for women and children so it is important to make a safety plan around leaving and keep your plans confidential. Below are some tips to help you make a plan.

  • If you can, pack a bag with bare necessities and important documents that you can leave with someone you trust. Include important documents such as passport, birth certificate, bank account details, driver’s licence, and bank cards and other things like medicines.

  • Know abuser's schedule and safe times to leave.

  • Contact us for guidance or a safe place to stay for you and your children.

Getting help

We warmly welcome all women and their children to access our support, advocacy and crisis accommodation. If you need help or have questions, use our live chat to get in touch.

making a plan

The safety of you and your children (if you have them) will be your primary concern. If you’re not ready or cannot safely leave, here are some things you can do to stay safe now.

  • Make a safety plan with the guidance of a refuge advocate.

  • Get yourself a pre-paid phone; keep it charged and safe.

  • Keep photocopies of important documents (passport, birth certificate, bank account details, medical notes, driver's licence, etc) and store these at the home of a supportive friend or family member.

  • Keep a journal of all violent incidents, noting dates and events.

  • If you can, open your own bank account and try to save some money.

  • If you have pets you are worried about, consider them in your safety plan.

Privacy Policy – The Shielded Site Application.


In this privacy policy, the terms ‘NCIWR’, ‘we’, ‘us’, and ‘our’ refer to National Collective of Independent Women’s Refuges Inc. NCIWR operates this web application at (‘this web application’).

This privacy policy explains how we may collect, store, use, and disclose personal information that we collect and that you provide to us. By using this web application you acknowledge that we may collect, store, use, and disclose your personal information in the manner set out in this privacy policy.

Collection of personal information

We may collect personal information from you when you use this web application, for example when you make a request for contact on this web application.

You may decide not to provide your personal information to us. However, if you do not provide it, we may not be able to provide you with access to certain information or services. For example, we may be unable to make contact with you if you do not provide us with your contact information.

Automated collection of non-personal information

When you visit this web application, we will not add traceable elements (such as cookies, sessions, and usage monitoring software) to your browser or device.

Use and disclosure

We will not use or disclose your personal information except in accordance with this privacy policy or the Privacy Act 1993. We may use your personal information to:

  • assist in providing information and services requested by you;

  • communicate with you

Your personal information will only be made available internally for the above purposes. We will not disclose your personal information to third parties. We will only use or disclose personal information that you have provided to us, or which we have obtained about you:

  • for the above-mentioned purposes;

  • if you have otherwise authorised us to do so;

  • if we have given you notification of the intended use or disclosure and you have not objected to that use or disclosure;

  • if we believe that the use or disclosure is reasonably necessary to assist a law enforcement agency or an agency responsible for national security in the performance of their functions;

  • if we believe that the use or disclosure is reasonably necessary to enforce any legal rights we may have, or is reasonably necessary to protect the rights, property and safety of us, our customers and users, or others;

  • if we are required or permitted by law to disclose the information; or

  • to another entity that carries on the business of operating this web application.

Storage and security

All personal information collected on this web application is collected and held by NCIWR. We will endeavour to protect your personal information that is held by us from unauthorised access, use, disclosure, alteration, or destruction.

Third party service providers

This website may be hosted by one or more third party service providers (‘service providers’) who enable us to provide this web application. You acknowledge and agree that any personal information that may be collected on this web application may also be held and used by our service providers on our behalf. Any information collected will be securely sent and securely stored on a server.

Third party websites

This web application may be hosted by websites operated by third parties. We are not responsible for the content of such websites, or the manner in which those websites collect, store, use, or distribute any personal information you provide. When you visit third party websites from hyperlinks displayed on this web application, we encourage you to review the privacy statements of those websites so that you can understand how the personal information you provide may be collected, stored, used, and distributed.

Right to access and correct

You may request access to, or correction of, any personal information we hold about you by contacting us as follows:
Post:Privacy Officer
PO Box 27-078
Marion Square
Wellington 6141

To ensure that the contact information we hold about you is accurate and current, please notify us of any changes to such information as soon as possible.

Contacting NCIWR

Any emergency relating to domestic violence should be directed to 111 for New Zealand Police assistance.

If you request assistance through this website, we will endeavour to respond as soon as we can. If you require advocacy services phone 0800 REFUGE or 0800 733 843 to talk to a refuge in your area within New Zealand. All member refuges of NCIWR are listed on our main website ( If you do visit the Women’s Refuge Website, please note that it is a traceable site so we recommend you use the online safety tips found on this web application to visit safely.

Advocacy services are available at member refuges. Your call and information will be treated in confidence and privacy.

Changes to our privacy policy

We reserve the right, at our discretion, to alter this privacy policy at any time. Changes to this privacy policy will take effect immediately once they are published on this web application. Please check this privacy policy regularly for modifications and updates. If you continue to use this web application or if you provide any personal information after we post changes to this privacy policy, this will indicate your acceptance of any such changes.

This privacy policy was last updated on 6 October 2015.

If You’re In
Immediate danger

If you fear for your safety:

  1. Run outside and head for where there are other people.
  2. Ask someone to call 111
  3. If you have children take them with you if you can
  4. Don't stop to get anything else