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Auckland Transport

Auckland Transport Code of Practice Code of Practice

The Auckland Transport Code of Practice (ATCOP) provides quality standards to ensure that the function, condition and useful service life of transport assets is consistently achieved across the region.

Auckland Transport has reviewed the existing transport-related infrastructure standards of the previous councils that were amalgamated to form Auckland Council and its related Council Controlled Organisations. The previous councils’ infrastructure standards varied across the Auckland region. These inconsistencies have caused confusion and uncertainty in the application of Auckland-wide transport-related infrastructure standards, so ATCOP seeks to provide the much needed consistency for all of Auckland.

While ATCOP generally provides consistent region-wide standards, it also acknowledges the unique characteristics of recognised special environments such as heritage areas and special identity development areas.

Auckland Transport Code of Practice contents


ATCOP is a guide for anyone involved in developing and maintaining transport infrastructure in Auckland, ranging from small housing developments to complex public infrastructure. It represents a step change in how transport infrastructure will be delivered in Auckland. It will no longer be about a singular modal choice, but a complete and sustainable transportation network that can be used equally by everyone to get where they want, when they want.

The processes, standards and details articulated in ATCOP reflect the importance of a considered approach to the development, construction and care of the region's transport system, with robust engineering design and quality standards, defined layouts, whole-of-life design, value for money and robust construction across the entire network.

ATCOP applies to all new transport infrastructure and upgrades to existing infrastructure, including new subdivision development.

ATCOP seeks to promote the transport aspirations of the Auckland Plan, supports the Auckland Unitary Plan and is to be used in harmony with Auckland Council's Auckland Design Manual.


Overview of the Auckland Transport Code of Practice and its goal to contribute to an effective, efficient and safe Auckland transport system in the public interest.

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1. Introduction

Introduction to Auckland Transport and how it undertakes its works, the importance it places on the movement of people through places, how the urban form of infrastructure takes place and how the environment needs to be considered at all times.

Contents of this section

1.1 What is ATCOP?

1.2 Who ATCOP is for.

1.3  ATCOP's Integrated Transport Planning Approach.

1.4 Road Safety.

1.5  Design Standards and Policies.

1.6  Governing Principle Guidelines behind engineering infrastructure design standards.

1.7 Maintenance and whole life costs.

1.8 Noise Management.

1.9 Design process and design requirements for documents submitted and departures from standards.

1.10 The way forward.

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2. Integrated transport planning

The Integrated Transport Programme (ITP) is a look at how Auckland Transport has responded to the visions of the Auckland Plan and the process used to develop the plan. It is also the section which sets out the Urban Design protocols, sustainability and environmental requirements.

Contents of this section

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Integrated, Co-ordinated and Sustainable Approach.

2.3  Directive and Principles from the Auckland Plan.

2.4 Transport response to Auckland Plan.

2.5  One system approach.

2.5.1 Different levels of intervention.

2.5.2 Corridor Management Plans.

2.5.3 Network operating plans.

2.5.4 The Four Staged Intervention.

2.6  Urban Design.

2.6.1 Auckland Transport’s Urban Design Principles.

2.6.2 Urban Design Process.

2.6.3 Responsibilities for Urban Design.

2.6.4 The 7 ‘Principles’.

2.7 Designing for Sustainability.

2.7.1 Sustainability and Environment Governing Guideline.

2.7.2 Key Sustainability Targets.

2.7.3 Key Results Areas.

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3. Innovation

Auckland Transport supports the advancement of technology and improved ways of doing things where this can lead to better levels of service, amenity and efficiency. There are several way in which Auckland Transport seeks to achieve this.

Contents of this section

3.1 Innovative solutions.

3.2 Ongoing development of appropriate standards and best practice.

3.3 Process for approving new products and technologies.

3.3.1 ATPAR organisational approval structure.

3.3.2 ATPAR approval process.

3.4 Areas with special design standards.

3.4.1 Waitakere Ranges Heritage Area.

3.4.2 Gulf Islands Area.

3.4.3 Special identity developments/areas.

3.5 Case specific departures from design standards.

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4. Road Classification

Classification of the road network are an important element of determining the suitability of a design solution. The information contained here allows designers to determine what built elements need to be included and any restrictions in force. 

Contents of this section

4.1 Overview.

4.2 Classification categories.

4.3 Classification process and definition.

4.4 One network road classification project.

4.5 Role of Classification.

4.5.1 Existing Road Network.

4.5.2 Road Maintenance and Renewals.

4.6 Future Roads.

4.7 Map of Arterial Roads in Auckland Region.

4.8 Further Information and Road Classification Table.

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5. Special Routes & Road Elements

Within Auckland there are a number of special types of vehicle lanes and other infrastructure elements aimed at particular groups of users. These include bus lanes, high occupancy vehicle lanes, cycle lanes etc. The further use of existing assets is critical for increasing the utilisation of the limited road space in Auckland.

Contents of this section

5.1 Bus and transit lanes.

5.1.1 Introduction.

5.1.2 Policy.

5.2 Cycle routes / Auckland cycle network (ACN).

5.3 Freight, Over-dimensional (OD) and Overweight (OW) Routes.

5.3.1 Freight Routes.

5.3.2 Over-dimensional and Overweight Routes.

5.4 Pedestrian Access Ways.

5.5 Shared spaces and shared zones.

5.5.1 Purpose.

5.5.2 Shared Space Overview.

5.5.3 Design Principles.

5.5.4 Approval Process.

5.5.5 Monitoring.

5.5.6 Home Zones.

5.5.7 Pedestrian Malls.

5.6 Standard drawing set No SR000.

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6. Street Amenities

Place to go for all the urban design examples and guidance for works within the road reserve. Describes how a sense of place can be built into all works we undertake and includes examples of furniture and suitable locations.

Contents of this section

6.1 Street Amenities in the Road Corridor Guidelines.

6.1.1 Introduction.

6.1.2 Lighting.

6.1.3 Outdoor Dining.

6.1.4 Play Space.

6.1.5 Public Art.

6.1.6 Street Furniture.

6.1.7 Surface Treatments.

6.1.8 Trees and Planting.

6.2 Street Types.

6.2.1 Introduction.

6.2.2 References.

6.3 Pulling it together - spatial arrangement.

6.3.1 Introduction.

6.3.2 Footpath Spatial Zones.

6.3.3 Sample Street Cross-Sections.

6.3.4 Determining Footpath Widths.

6.3.5 Recommended and Minimum Footpath Widths.

6.3.6 Spatial Arrangement at Street Intersections.

6.3.7 Spatial arrangements for streetscape components.

6.3.8 Selecting Materials.

6.4 Streetscape Component Guidelines

6.4.1 Pedestrian Related Streetscape Components.

6.4.2 Hard Surface Treatments.

6.4.3 Pedestrian Crossings.

6.4.4 Utilities.

6.4.5 Traffic Related Streetscape Components.

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7. Road Layout & Geometric Design

From geometric and road design limits to the detailing of road reserve cross sections, this section forms the backbone of any new road based infrastructure design giving insight into developing the most appropriate layout for the area.

Contents of this section

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Design speed/operating speed.

7.3 Safe visibility & sight distances

7.3.1 Design Philosophy.

7.3.2 Sight Distance Design Parameters.

7.3.3 Sight Distance Requirements.

7.4 Standard road configuration.

7.4.1 Road Reserve / Public Right of Way.

7.4.2 Road Reserve Cross Section.

7.4.3 Lane Widths.

7.4.4 Special Vehicle Lanes.

7.4.5 Cycle Facilities.

7.4.6 Parking.

7.4.7 Traffic islands.

7.4.8 Medians.

7.4.9 Road shoulders.

7.4.10 Footpaths and berms.

7.4.11 Clear Zones.

7.5 Geometric Alignment.

7.5.1 Introduction.

7.5.2 Design Vehicles & Swept Path Analysis.

7.5.3 Vertical Alignment.

7.5.4 Horizontal Alignment.

7.5.5 Cul-de-sac Geometry.

7.5.6 Longitudinal Gradients.

7.6 Camber, Cross-fall and Super-elevation.

7.6.1 Introduction.

7.6.2 Design Considerations.

7.7 Kerb and channel.

7.7.1 Purpose of the Kerb and channel.

7.7.2 Design Considerations.

7.8 Vehicle crossings.

7.9 Designing for pedestrian access.

7.9.1 Pedestrian Access ways.

7.9.2 Access way Locations.

7.10 Designing for town centres / low speed environments.

7.10.1 Place-making.

7.10.2 Low Speed Design.

7.10.3 Gateways and Entry Points.

7.10.4 Street Furniture Clutter.

7.10.5 Accessibility.

7.10.6 Lighting.

7.10.7 Simplicity and Future-proofing.

7.10.8 Local Area Traffic Management.

7.11 Intersection design & types.

7.11.1 General Principles.

7.11.2 Priority Controlled Intersections.

7.11.3 Roundabouts.

7.11.4 Traffic Signal Requirements.

7.11.5 Grade Separation.

7.11.6 References / Guidelines.

7.12 Standard set no. GD000.

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8. Traffic Calming Devices/LATM

Outlines the acceptable devices, locations and limits for implementing local area traffic management and speed control including limits for the use of devices on defined bus routes.

Contents of this section

8.1 Local Area traffic management governing principle.

8.2 Advantages and disadvantages of traffic calming.

8.3 Traffic calming on bus routes.

8.4 LATM control devices.

8.4.1 Vertical traffic calming.

8.42 Speed humps.

8.4.3 Table Horizontal Traffic Calming.

8.5 Signs and Visual Effects.

8.5.1 Signs.

8.5.2 Visual Narrowings.

8.6 Standard drawing set no. TC000.

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9. Road Restraint Devices (Vehicle and Pedestrian)

This section informs designers of the acceptable forms of devices allowed in Auckland and sets limits and criteria for use for each type of device.

Contents of this section

9.1 Scope.

9.2 Road Safety Barrier Systems.

9.3 Fences.

9.4 Railings.

9.5 Bollards.

9.6 Sight Rails.

9.7 Standard Drawing Set No. RR000.

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10. Traffic Signs & Road Markings

Provide additional clarity and consistency in the use of traffic signs and road markings in Auckland. It is not intended to replace the New Zealand Transport Agency's (NZTA) Traffic Control Devices (TCD) Manual which includes the Manual of Traffic Signs and Markings (MOTSAM), but to compliment them to ensure signing and marking are done to a consistent high quality outcome.

Contents of this section

10.1 Introduction.

10.1.1 Background.

10.1.2 Sign Philosophy.

10.1.3 Aim of the guidelines.

10.1.4 Current legislation.

10.1.5 How to use this document.

10.2 Scope.

10.2.1 Sign types.

10.2.2 Sign hierarchy.

10.2.3 General principles.

10.3 Guidelines for sign types.

10.3.1 Street name signs (SNS).

10.3.2 Guide signs (GS).

10.3.3 Tourist signs (TS).

10.3.4 Service signs (SS).

10.3.5 General interest signs (GIS).

10.4 Application procedure.

10.4 Installation and removal of signs.

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11. Parking

This section defines the acceptable vehicle parking requirements, space dimensions for both on street parking and off street car parks.

Contents of this section

11.1 Introduction.

11.2 Design Philosophy.

11.2.1 Simplified Design.

11.2.2 Site and Usage Specific Design.

11.3 On-Street Parking Design.

11.4 Off-Street Parking Design.

11.5 Mobility Parking.

11.6 Motorcycle Parking.

11.7 Cycle Parking.

11.8 Loading Zones.

11.9 Special Parking.

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12. Footpaths & Pedestrian Facilities

Describes the minimum and maximum acceptable widths for footpaths in various street typologies, includes construction details and pram crossing. The section also defines and acceptable types of crossing facilities for use across Auckland.

Contents of this section

12.1 Footpaths and walkways guidelines.

12.2. General.

12.3 Footpath design (including crossings).

12.4 Footpath width.

12.5 Footpath longitudinal gradients.

12.6 Footpath cross fall.

12.7 Footpath surface types and construction.

12.8 Pram crossings.

12.9 Tactile ground surface indicators (TGSIs) and visual aids.

12.10 Low height retaining walls.

12.11 Pedestrian access ways.

12.12 Pedestrian crossings.

12.12.1 Controlled Pedestrian Crossings.

12.12.2 Uncontrolled Pedestrian Crossings.

12.13 Pedestrian refuge islands.

12.14 Pedestrian Railings.

12.15 Handrails.

12.16 Standard drawing set FP000.

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13. Cycling Infrastructure Design

A pioneering section on infrastructure provision for improving cycling across the region's road. Contains many new innovations for cycling and expands on the NZTA national guidelines.

Contents of this section

13.1 Introduction.

13.1.1 Cycling Facility Types.

13.1.2 Framework for the Code of Practice for cycling.

13.2 Cycle facilities on road (mid-block).

13.2.1 Measurement of Cycle Facility Widths.

13.2.2 Cycle Lanes.

13.2.3 Wide Kerbside Lanes.

13.2.4 Sealed Shoulders.

13.2.5 Bus, Transit / Cycle Lanes.

13.2.6 Clearways Catering for Cyclists.

13.2.7 Shared Zones.

13.3.1 Cycle Lanes at Intersections.

13.3.1 Cycle Lanes at Intersections.

13.3.2 Advanced Stop Boxes.

13.3.3 Hook Turn Boxes.

13.3.4 Protected Cycle Lanes at Signalised Intersections.

13.3.6 Roundabouts.

13.3.7 Signalised Mid-block Crossings.

13.3.8 Signalised intersection detection.

13.3.9 Cycle lanes at tram and train tracks.

13.3.9 Cycle lanes at tram and train tracks.

13.3.10 Refuge islands.

13.4 Paths.

13.4.1 Cycle Paths.

13.4.2 Shared Paths.

13.4.3 Signs and Markings.

13.4.4 Pedestrian and Cyclist Access Ways.

13.4.5 Path Lighting.

13.4.6 Path terminal/entry treatments.

13.5 Miscellaneous on and off road issues.

13.5.1 Surface Materials.

13.5.2 Transitions between Paths and Carriageways.

13.5.3 Kerbs and Islands.

13.5.4 Traffic Calming Measures.

13.5.5 Bridges, Underpasses and Boardwalks.

13.5.6 Maintenance.

13.5.7 Stormwater grates.

13.6 Cycle parking.

13.6.1 Good Practice.

13.6.2 Types of Cycle Parking.

13.6.2 Types of Cycle Parking.

13.6.3 Signage and Way finding.

13.6.4 End of Trip Facilities.

13.6.5 References.

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14. Landscaping

General practices, specific landscape specifications and requirements for street trees, vegetation, landscaping and planting maintenance within the road corridor are described in this section. Its purpose is to aid designers to select the right species and planting methodologies when working with the road corridor.

Contents of this section

14.1 Auckland Council weed management policy.

14.2 Scope.

14.2.1 Codes, Regulations and Statutory Framework.

14.3 General practice.

14.3.1 Safety Requirements (RTA).

14.3.2 Vegetation Types and Safety Implication.

14.3.3 Road Corridor Clearance Requirements.

14.3.4 Sight Lines.

14.3.5 Clearance for Buildings, Lighting and Structures.

14.3.6 Clearance for Gas, Utilities and Power-lines.

14.3.7 Footpath Widths and Clearances.

14.4 Landscaping general.

14.4.1 Soil Volume and Type.

14.4.2 Soil Quality.

14.4.3 Water and Drainage.

14.4.4 Plants.

14.4.5 Planting.

14.4.6 Protection.

14.4.7 Soil Preparation.

14.4.8 Fertilising.

14.4.9 Mulch.

14.4.10 Irrigation Systems.

14.5 Maintenance general.

14.5.1 Tasks and Activities.

14.5.2 Mulch.

14.5.3 Pest Control.

14.5.4 Watering and Irrigation.

14.6 Specific landscaping and maintenance.

14.6.1 General Requirements.

14.6.2 Trees.

14.6.3 Tree Maintenance.

14.6.4 Tree Removals.

14.6.5 Swales.

14.6.6 Rain Gardens.

14.6.7 Raised Planters, Traffic Islands and Medians.

14.6.8 Grass Berms.

14.6.9 Re-vegetation Areas.

14.6.10 Amenity Planting and Gardens.

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15. Earthworks

It is important to understand the conditions faced when designing or amending an asset. This section describes the process Auckland Transport expects to be undertaken, places limits and requirements on testing of ground conditions and how to detail earthworks.

Contents of this section

15.1 Site investigations.

15.1.1 Preliminary Site Evaluation.

15.1.2 Soil Contamination.

15.1.3 Comprehensive Geotechnical Investigation.

15.1.4 Construction Observation and Reporting.

15.1.5 Completion Report.

15.2. Natural hazards.

15.2.1 Slips and stability.

15.2.2 Slips, Slumps, Falls of Existing Slopes and Infrastructure.

15.2.3 Call Centre Response.

15.2.4 Emergency Response Inspections.

15.2.5 Initial Emergency Response Criteria.

15.2.6 Inundation.

15.2.7 Seismicity.

15.3 Earthworks design.

15.3.1 Stability of Embankments and Cuttings.

15.3.2 Settlement.

15.3.3 Ground Improvements and Stabilisation.

15.3.4 Earthworks Construction Requirements.

15.3.5 Foundation Design.

15.3.6 Shallow Foundations.

15.3.7 Piles.

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16. Road Pavements & Surfacings

Contains guidance and specifications for the various pavement materials and surfaces used on the road network, including asphalt, chip seal and coloured high grip surfaces.

Contents of this section

16.1 Scope and intent.

16.1.1 Auckland Transport Guidelines.

16.1.2 Road Pavement.

16.1.3 Road Surfacings.

16.2 Performance criteria.

16.2.1 Chip Seal Surfacing.

16.2.2 Asphalt (AC) Surfacing.

16.2.3 Slurry Surfacing.

16.3 Sustainability.

16.4 Contaminated materials.

16.5 Noise and vibration management.

16.6 Working in and around trees.

16.7 Publications and standards.

16.7.1 Road Pavements.

16.7.2 Road Surfacing.

16.8 Design requirements.

16.8.1 Road Pavements.

16.8.2 Chip Seal.

16.8.3 Asphalt (AC) Surfacing and Structural Layers.

16.8.4 Slurry Surfacing.

16.8.5 Pavement Deflection Criteria and Curvature Function.

16.9 Materials, plant and construction requirements for road pavements.

16.9.1 Earthworks.

16.9.2 Preparation of Carriageway Subgrades.

16.9.3 Granular Pavement Construction.

16.9.4 Construction of Pre–treated (Plant Mixed) Sub-basecourse and Basecourse Layers.

16.9.5 Structural Asphalt Construction.

16.9.6 In Situ Pavement Stabilisation.

16.10 Materials, plant and construction requirements for road surfacing.

16.10.1 General Surfacing Requirements.

16.10.2 Chip Sealing.

16.10.3 Asphalt (AC) Surfacing.

16.10.4 Slurry Surfacing.

16.10.5 High Friction Surfacing.

16.10.6 Coloured Safety Surfacing.

16.11 Standard Drawing Set No. RP000.

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17. Road Drainage

Covers the requirements for treatment and removal of storm water captured within the road reserve, interaction with Auckland Council storm water services and provides best practice design guidance on appropriate measures for storm water control.

Contents of this section

17.1 Stormwater guidelines.

17.2 Scope of road drainage design.

17.3 Design principles.

17.3.1 Integration of Drainage.

17.3.2 Water Sensitive Design.

17.3.3 Tiered Objectives for Stormwater Management Design in Road Reserves.

17.3.4 Major/Minor Drainage Concept.

17.4 Road surface run-off calculations.

17.5 Surface water management.

17.6 Stormwater treatment devices - preferred systems.

17.6.1 Bioretention Swales, Rain Gardens and Tree Pits.

17.6.2 Paving.

17.6.3 Vegetated Filter Strips.

17.6.4 Swales.

17.6.5 Proprietary Devices.

17.7 Kerbs and channels.

17.8 Catchpits.

17.8.1 Catchpit location.

17.8.2 Catchpit design.

17.8.3 Catchpit Approved Types.

17.8.4 Catchpit selection criteria.

17.8.5 Catchpit inlets.

17.8.6 Catchpit leads.

17.9 Subsoil drains.

17.10 Side drains/water tables.

17.11 Minor Culverts.

17.11.2 Culvert length.

17.11.3 Inlets and Outlets.

17.11.4 Cut-off drains.

17.11.5 Vehicle crossing culverts.

17.12 Standard drawing set no. RD000.

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18. Structures (incl. bridges, retaining walls etc.)

This chapter sets out AT’s requirements for major road structures and public transport structures.

Contents of this section

18.1 General.

18.1.1 Introduction and Governing Principles.

18.1.2 Definitions For Purpose of this Chapter.

18.1.3 Structure Types Covered By Chapter 18.

18.1.4 Standard Designs For Structures.

18.1.4 Standard Designs For Structures.

18.1.5 Structural Design Standards Used In New Zealand.

18.1.6 Building Act and Building Code Compliance of Structures.

18.1.7 Building Consent Requirements for Structures.

18.1.8 Process for Design and Construction of Structures.

18.1.9 Documentation Requirements for Design and Construction of Structures.

18.1.10 RMA Compliance of Completed Structures.

18.1.11 Evaluation of Existing Structures.

18.2 Design requirements for bridges, retaining walls and major culverts.

18.2.1 General.

18.2.2 Design Requirements.

18.2.3 Modifications to Bridge Manual.

18.3 Design requirements for minor bridges and boardwalks.

18.3.1 General.

18.3.2 Design Requirements.

18.3.3 Standard Details.

18.4 Design requirements for minor retaining walls.

18.4.1 General.

18.4.2 Design Requirements.

18.4.3 Standard Details.

18.5 Design requirements for pedestrian and cycle subways and stock underpasses.

18.5.1 Design Requirements.

18.6 Design requirements for supports for overhead signs, VMS signs and large roadside signs.

18.7 Design requirements for noise barriers.

18.8 Design requirements for high mast lighting columns.

18.9 Design requirements for buildings associated with public transport infrastructure (stations and terminals).

18.9.1 Design Requirements.

18.10 Design requirements for station and terminal canopies.

18.11 Design requirements for other AT structures.

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19. Street Lighting

This document provides a guide to everyone involved in the management and design of public lighting installations on Auckland Transport routes or associated infrastructure. Its application will ensure that consistent standards are maintained.

Contents of this section

19.1 Introduction.

19.2 Applicable standards.

19.3 Lighting design.

19.3.1 Road classification.

19.3.2 Design criteria.

19.3.3 Trees and road lighting luminaires.

19.3.4 Overhead reticulation.

19.3.5 Maintenance factor.

19.4 Lighting columns.

19.4.1 Compliance.

19.4.2 Lighting column location within the road reserve.

19.5 Luminaires.

19.5.1 Requirements.

19.5.2 Light source.

19.6 Road lighting in specific areas.

19.6.1 Rural road lighting.

19.6.2 Safety and security lighting.

19.6.3 Pedestrian crossing lighting.

19.6.4 Adjacent access routes.

19.7 Electrical aspects.

19.7.1 Equipment & components.

19.7.2 Energy efficiency.

19.7.3 Electrical installation.

19.8 Approvals.

19.9 Differences between the Auckland Transport Code of Practice and the standards.

Appendix A - HID Road Lighting Luminaire Specific and Assessment Methodology.

Appendix B - LED Road Lighting Luminaire Specification and Assessment Checklist.

Appendix C - Street Lighting Column Specification and Assessment Methodology.

Appendix D - Lighting column approved list (AT-LCAL).

Appendix E - Road lighting HID approved list (AT-HALL).

Appendix F - LED approved luminaire list (AT-LALL).

Appendix G - V and P Category Tools for Road Classification.

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20. Public transport - buses

Aims to assist all bus stop providers and designers especially Auckland Transport staff and developers as the main provider of this infrastructure to provide consistent, safe and effective bus infrastructure.

Contents of this section

20.1 Introduction.

20.1.1 Purpose.

20.1.2 Flexibility of infrastructure design.

20.2 Auckland public transport network plan review.

20.2.1 Public Transport Services Review.

20.3 Providing an accessible bus network.

20.3.1 Fully Accessible Buses.

20.3.2 Impacts of Bus Vehicle Types on Bus Stop Provision.

20.3.3 Standard Bus Vehicle Dimensions.

20.3.4 Design dimensions.

20.3.5 Fully Accessible Bus Stops.

20.4 Bus stop location, spacing and capacity.

20.4.1 Application.

20.4.2 Bus Stop Spacing and Location.

20.4.3 Bus Stop Capacity.

20.4.4 Connectivity – accessible walking routes to and from bus stops.

20.5 Bus stop types and level of infrastructure provision.

20.5.1 Bus Stop Types.

20.5.2 Bus Stop Infrastructure Components Ltd.

20.5.3 The Bus Stop Area.

20.5.4 The Passenger Waiting Area.

20.6 Bus stop layouts.

20.6.1 Standard kerbside bus stop.

20.6.2 Bus Boarders.

20.6.3 Indented Bus Bays.

20.7 Kerb profile.

20.7.1 Context.

20.7.2 Recommended Kerb Heights.

20.7.3 Kerb Profiles and ‘Special’ Kerbs.

20.8 Aspects to consider when implementing raised kerbs.

20.9 Traffic calming on bus routes.

20.10 Other linkages.

20.10.1 Driver Training.

20.11 Enforcement.

20.12 Maintaining bus stops.

20.13 Implementing bus stop improvements.

20.14 Linking with cycling.

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21. Public transport - rail

To be used by all persons involved in the planning, design, documentation and procurement of new stations, as well as upgrade work on existing stations in the Auckland region.

Contents of this section

21.1 Introduction.

21.1.1 Purpose.

21.1.2 Rail in Auckland.

21.1.3 Background.

21.1.4 Station Design Principles and Process.

21.2 Design philosophy principles.

21.2.1 Urban Design.

21.2.2 Environmental Sustainable Design (ESD).

21.2.3 Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED).

21.2.4 Heritage Buildings.

21.2.5 Enhanced Scope.

21.2.6 Holistic Design.

21.2.7 Common Elements Specifications and Drawings.

21.3 Functional design principles.

21.3.1 Access.

21.3.2 Platforms and Platform Amenity.

21.3.3 Services.

21.3.4 Security.

21.3.5 Wayfinding, Signage and Information.

21.3.6 Real Time Information System for Rail.

21.3.7 Ticketing and Staffing.

21.3.8 Landscaping and Public Artworks.

21.3.9 Maintenance.

21.3.10 Station Finishes.

Download Public Transport - Rail (PDF 1 MB)

22. Public transport - ferries/wharves

To be used by all persons involved in the planning, design, documentation and procurement of new ferry terminals, as well as upgrade work on existing ferry terminals in the Auckland region.

Contents of this section

22.1 Introduction

22.1.1 Purpose.

22.1.2 Background.

22.1.3 Process.

22.1.4 Functions and General Design Considerations.

22.2 General design principles.

22.2.1 Urban Design.

22.2.2 Environmental Sustainable Design (ESD).

22.2.3 Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED).

22.2.4 Scope Enhancement.

22.2.5 Holistic Design.

22.3 Functional design principles.

22.3.1 General.

22.3.2 Accessibility and Connectivity.

22.3.3 Integration.

22.3.4 Functionality.

22.3.5 Amenity Principles.

22.3.6 Maintenance.

22.4 Site specific design considerations.

22.4.1 Amenities.

22.4.2 Common Elements.

22.4.3 Shelter.

22.4.4 Seating.

22.4.5 Rubbish Bins.

22.4.6 Cycling.

22.4.7 Lighting and Power.

22.4.8 Surveillance, CCTV and Help-points.

22.4.9 Way-finding Signage & Information.

22.4.10 Public Address System.

22.4.11 Ticketing and Staffing Facilities.

22.4.12 Commercial Opportunities.

Download Public Transport - Ferries/Wharves (PDF 312 KB)

23. Public transport - light rail

This is a holding space for a future chapter on light rail and trams.

Download Public Transport - Light rail (PDF 72 KB)

24. Vesting of Assets and Asset Data

To aid developers, contractors and Auckland Transport staff in the appropriate hand over methodology for completed assets. It includes the type of assets that require hand over data and examples of completed forms.

Contents of this section

24.1 Overview

24.2 Definitions.

24.2.1 Asset Classes, Components and Attributes.

24.2.2 Defining Asset Activity Type.

24.2.3 Overview of Plan and Asset Data Requirements.

24.3 As-built plan specifications and requirements.

24.3.1 Purpose.

24.3.2 Symbols and Terminology.

24.3.2 Symbols and Terminology.

24.4 Attribute data specifications and requirements.

24.4.1 Attribute Data Specification.

24.4.2 Attribute Data Required.

24.4.3 Maintenance and Operational Requirements for PT Assets.

24.5 Handover and submission processes.

25.5.1 Submission Process.

25.5.2 Works Completion.

24.6 RAMM forms and lookup tables.

Download Vesting Of Assets And Asset Data (PDF 604 KB)

25. Maintenance

Aimed at those practitioners involved in the maintenance of existing Auckland Transport assets. It provides guidance and processes for undertaking inspections, condition ratings and reporting.

Contents of this section

25.1 Auckland Transport guidelines.

25.2 Maintenance of assets by developers.

25.3 Road service and maintenance priority levels.

25.4 Sustainability.

25.5 Contaminated materials.

25.6 Noise and vibration management.

25.7 Working in and around trees.

25.8 Maintenance response times.

25.8.1 Definition of Terms.

25.8.2 Summary of Maintenance Response Times.

25.9 Sealed road maintenance.

25.9.1 General.

25.9.2 Performance Criteria.

25.9.3 Definitions.

25.9.4 Publications and Standards.

25.9.5 Pothole Repairs.

25.9.6 Depression and Wheel Rut Repairs.

25.9.7 Edge Break Repairs.

25.9.9 Unsealed Shoulder Maintenance.

25.10 Unsealed road maintenance.

25.10.1 General.

25.10.2 Performance Criteria.

25.10.3 Definitions.

25.10.4 Publications and Standards.

25.10.5 Intervention Levels.

25.10.6 Response Times.

25.10.7 Minimum Repair Requirements.

25.10.8 Maintenance Grading.

25.10.9 Shape Grading.

25.10.10 Pothole Repairs.

25.10.11 Digout Repairs.

25.10.12 Supply and Spread Maintenance Aggregate.

25.10.13 Stabilisation Repairs.

25.11 Road resurfacing.

25.11.1 General.

25.11.2 Publications and Standards.

25.11.3 Construction Equipment and Care of the Site.

25.12 Road drainage maintenance.

25.12.1 General.

25.12.2 Performance Criteria.

25.12.3 Publications and Standards.

25.12.4 Culvert, Catchpit, Watertable and Soakhole Maintenance and Repairs.

25.13 Kerb and channel and traffic islands.

25.13.1 General.

25.13.2 Performance Criteria.

25.13.3 Publications and Standards.

25.13.4 Minimum Repair Requirements.

25.13.5 Underground Utility Services.

25.14 Road signs maintenance and renewals.

25.14.1 General.

25.14.2 Performance Criteria.

25.14.3 Publications and Standards.

25.15 Road marking maintenance and renewals.

25.15.1 General.

25.15.2 Performance Criteria.

25.15.3 Publications and Standards.

25.16 Guardrails.

25.16.1 General.

25.16.2 Performance Criteria.

25.16.3 Publications and Standards.

25.17 Footpaths and vehicle crossings.

25.17.1 General.

25.17.2 Performance Criteria.

25.11.1 Publications and Standards.

25.18 Vegetation control.

25.18.1 General.

25.18.2 Performance Criteria.

25.18.3 Publications and Standards.

25.18.4 General Maintenance Requirements.

25.18.5 Definitions.

25.18.6 Intervention Levels.

25.18.7 Response Times.

25.18.8 Vegetation Control General Requirements.

25.18.9 Noxious Plant Control.

25.18.10 Spraying Works.

25.18.11 Approved Operators.

25.18.12 Control Areas.

25.18.13 Chemicals.

25.18.14 Spray Times.

25.18.15 Non-Herbicide Weed Control.

25.18.16 Maintained Berms.

25.18.17 Repair and Reinstatement of Damaged Berm.

25.18.18 No Spray Register.

25.18.19 Care of Site and Surrounds.

25.19 Street Cleaning.

25.19.1 General.

25.19.2 Performance Criteria.

25.19.3 Definitions.

25.19.4 Cleaning Standards and Performance.

25.20 Traffic management.

25.20.1 Scope and Intent.

25.21 Standard drawing set no. MT000.

Download Maintenance (PDF 904 KB)

Download the drawing set for Chapter 25 - Maintenance (PDF 271KB)

26. Corridor access management

Sets out the rules and requirements for accessing the road corridor for any works, temporary traffic management and utilities coordination. It is of benefit to contractors, consultants and Auckland Transport staff.

Contents of this section

26.1 Background.

26.2 Work approval process.

26.2 Work approval process.

26.3 Legislative requirements.

26.4 Temporary traffic management.

26.4.1 General.

26.4.2 TTM Levels for Roads.

26.4.3 Traffic Management Plans.

26.4.4 Generic Traffic Management Plans.

26.4.5 Hours of Work.

26.4.6 Operating Speed.

26.4.7 Temporary Road Closures.

26.4.8 Temporary Speed Limits.

26.4.9 Pedestrians.

26.4.10 Cyclists.

26.4.11 Bus Stops and Bus Routes.

26.4.12 Traffic Impact Assessment.

26.4.13 Working near Traffic Signals.

26.4.14 Notification of Works.

26.4.15 Emergency Works.

26.5 Utility structures.

26.5.1 General.

26.5.2 CAR Application.

26.5.3 Lay Position.

26.5.4 Minimum Cover.

26.5.5 Trenchless Construction.

26.5.6 Quality Plan.

26.5.7 Audit Process.

26.5.8 Cost Recovery.

26.6 Coordination of works.

Download Corridor Access Management (PDF 252KB)

27. Traffic network management

It is important to get effective use from the existing network in order to reduce costs and understand where certain prioritisation should occur. This section explains in detail how Auckland Transport achieves this and what the information is used for. This section is primarily for Auckland Transport staff and their nominated consultants.

Contents of this section

27.1 Introduction.

27.1.1 Vision.

27.1.2 Purpose.

27.1.3 Structure.

27.1.3 Structure.

27.2 Network road safety plan.

27.2.1 Road Safety Performance Framework.

27.2.2 Measuring Performance.

27.2.3 Determining Deficient Parts of the Networks.

27.2.4 Analyse Causes.

27.2.5 Determine Intervention.

27.2.6 Network Operating Plan Test.

27.3 Network operating plan.

27.3.1 Road Use Hierarchy.

27.3.2 Network Performance Framework.

27.3.3 Measure Performance.

27.3.4 Determine Deficiencies.

27.3.5 Analyse Causes.

27.3.6 Determine Interventions & Network Road Safety Plan Test.

27.4 Network management plan.

27.4.1 Recurrent & Non-Recurrent Event Detection.

27.4.2 Information Systems.

27.4.3 Active Monitoring & Validation.

27.4.4 Determine and Verify Intervention.

27.4.5 Information Delivery Systems.

27.4.6 Intervention Implementation Process.

Download Traffic Network Management (PDF 264 KB)

28. Design for abnormal events

This is a holding space for this future chapter, which will consider design approaches to cater for tsunamis, floods, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions etc.

Download Design For Abnormal Events (PDF 20 KB)


 Download Glossary (PDF 195 KB)


Asset ownership guidelines (PDF 1MB)  

Footpath and walkway guidelines (PDF 679KB) 

Kerb and channel guidelines (PDF 300KB) 

Local area traffic management guidelines (PDF 309KB) 

Reseal guidelines (PDF 237KB) 

Seal extension guidelines (PDF 228KB) 

Seismic management guidelines (PDF 455KB) 

Signage guidelines (PDF 438KB) 

Stormwater guidelines (PDF 514KB) 

Street amenities in the road corridor guidelines (PDF 425KB) 

Street lighting guidelines (PDF 583KB) 


18 January 2017

Updated Chapter 19 - Street lighting. Download the previous version of Street Lighting (PDF 788 KB).

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If you are living in fear in your relationship or in your family, there are so many ways we can help you right now. You won’t be turned away even if you don’t have children, a NZ visa, or money. If you still have more questions have a read below and contact us when you’re ready.

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We support women who have experienced any form of domestic violence: verbal, psychological/emotional, sexual, and financial as well as physical. In fact, psychological/emotional abuse is the most common form of domestic violence.

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Women's Refuge support and advocacy services are free. In the safe house, rent is usually charged once your financial situation is sorted out. Safety is our main concern. You won't be turned away if you don't have any money.

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Women's Refuge has clothing that you can have. We’ve also got toys and books, formula and nappies. You are welcome to use our emergency food until you get your financial situation sorted out.

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Getting out

The most important thing is for you and your children to get out safely. It is important to know that leaving a violent relationship can be one of the most dangerous times for women and children so it is important to make a safety plan around leaving and keep your plans confidential. Below are some tips to help you make a plan.

  • If you can, pack a bag with bare necessities and important documents that you can leave with someone you trust. Include important documents such as passport, birth certificate, bank account details, driver’s licence, and bank cards and other things like medicines.

  • Know abuser's schedule and safe times to leave.

  • Contact us for guidance or a safe place to stay for you and your children.

Getting help

We warmly welcome all women and their children to access our support, advocacy and crisis accommodation. If you need help or have questions, use our live chat to get in touch.

making a plan

The safety of you and your children (if you have them) will be your primary concern. If you’re not ready or cannot safely leave, here are some things you can do to stay safe now.

  • Make a safety plan with the guidance of a refuge advocate.

  • Get yourself a pre-paid phone; keep it charged and safe.

  • Keep photocopies of important documents (passport, birth certificate, bank account details, medical notes, driver's licence, etc) and store these at the home of a supportive friend or family member.

  • Keep a journal of all violent incidents, noting dates and events.

  • If you can, open your own bank account and try to save some money.

  • If you have pets you are worried about, consider them in your safety plan.

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If you request assistance through this website, we will endeavour to respond as soon as we can. If you require advocacy services phone 0800 REFUGE or 0800 733 843 to talk to a refuge in your area within New Zealand. All member refuges of NCIWR are listed on our main website ( If you do visit the Women’s Refuge Website, please note that it is a traceable site so we recommend you use the online safety tips found on this web application to visit safely.

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This privacy policy was last updated on 6 October 2015.

If You’re In
Immediate danger

If you fear for your safety:

  1. Run outside and head for where there are other people.
  2. Ask someone to call 111
  3. If you have children take them with you if you can
  4. Don't stop to get anything else